Verbs with adverbs and prepositions

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Verbs with adverbs (phrasal verbs)
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A phrasal verb is a verb + adverb, e.g. go away.
vá embora
We went away for two weeks. We only came back yesterday.
these phrasal verbs have no object.
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Sometimes the meaning of a phrasal verb is clear from of the verb and adverb, e.g. go away, come back.
come back = voltar
I'm sure I wrote down the address, but I think I threw away the piece of paper.
These phrasal verbs have an object, e.g. wrote down the address.
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Sometimes the meaning of a phrasal verb is clear from of the verb and adverb, e.g. write down, throw away.
escrever; deitar fora
The plan didn't come off. I'm afraid it fell through.
These phrasal verbs have no object
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Sometimes the verb + adverb has a special meaning, e.g. here come off, fall through.
come off = succeded; fall through = not succeded
Mr Gray doesn't want to give up smoking, but he's cutting down the number of cigarettes he smokes.
These phrasal verbs have an object
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Sometimes the verb + adverb has a special meaning, e.g. give up, cut down.
give up = stop; cut down = reduce.
Some other examples of phrasal verbs:
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call off, carry on, fall down, find out, get up, go away, make up, pick up, put down, put up, set off, sit down, take off, wash up, work out.
Phrasal verbs with an object
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If the object of a phrasal verb is a noun, the adverb can come
the young people picked up the litter. A lorry took away all the bottles.
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If the object of a phrasal verb is a noun, the adverb can come before the object
The young people picked the litter up. A lorry took all the bottles away.
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If the object of a phrasal verb is a noun, the adverb can come after it
The young people picked up the litter left by the crowd. A lorry took away all the bottles they found.
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If the object is long, then the adverb comes in front of it.
e.g. the litter left by the crowd.
What about the litter? The young people picked it up. Who took the bottles? A lorry took them away.
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If the object is a pronoun, the adverb always comes after it.
Prepositional verbs
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A prepositional verb is a verb + preposition, e.g. decide on.
We finally decided on a holiday in Morocco.
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decided on
We had to wait for the plane.
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wait for
Can I look at your photos?
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look at
Some other examples of prepositional verbs:
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agree with, arrive at, ask for, believe in, belong to, deal with, depend on, hope for, insist on, laugh at, listen to, look after, look for, pay for, send for, talk about.
We paid back the money. We paid the money back. The money was paid back.
If a phrasal verb has an object, the adverb can come before or after it. We normally stress the adverb.
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Phrasal verb
Some examples of adverbs in phrasal verbs:
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about, away, back, by, down, in, off, on, out, over, past, round, through, to, under, up.
We paid for the flat. The flat was paid for.
A prepositional verb always has an object. The object comes after the preposition. We do not normally stress the preposition.
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prepositional verb
Some examples of prepositions in prepositional verbs:
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about, after, at, for, from, in, into, like, of, off, on, to, with.
Phrasal-prepositional verbs
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A phrasal-prepositional verb is a verb+ adverb + preposition, e.g. do away with.
I say we should do away with this unfair fax.
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do away with
Let's hurry up and get on with the job.
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get on with
I hope you won't go back on your promise now.
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go back on
Don't let Mr Barnes in on our secret!
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let ... in on
I'm really looking forward to our holiday.
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looking forward to
Why do you put up with all this noise?
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put up with
Watch out for cows in the road along here!
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Watch out for
Verb – a word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence, and forming the main part of the predicate of a sentence, such as hear, become, happen. Adverb – a word or phrase that modifies the meaning of an adjective, verb, or other adverb, expressing manner, place, time, or degree (e.g. here, now, very) Preposition –a word governing, and usually preceding, a noun or pronoun and expressing a relation to another word or element in the clause, as in ‘the man on the platform’, ‘she arrived after dinner’, ‘what did you do it for? Words that are sometimes prepositions can act as adverbs. Prepositional verbs don’t change their meaning as much when you add that preposition, and they’re much more rigid when it comes to word order. What is the difference between an adverb and preposition why this distinction is important. An object can go before or after an adverb – but it can only go after a preposition. So Phrasal Verbs can be separated Prepositional Verbs must not be separated What do Phrasal and Prepositional Verbs have in common and what are the differences? A phrasal verb is made up of a verb + adverb. Example: “throw away” OR a verb + adverb + preposition. Example: “put up with”. Also, when using a phrasal verb, the object (noun) can either be between the verb and adverb or after the adverb: A prepositional verb is made up of a verb + preposition. The verb must sit directly in front of the preposition and the object (noun or pronoun) must sit directly after the preposition.

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