Main Apulian cities, Italy

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Bari is the county state of the Apulia region, well known also because of its port and for the magnificent views of seasides. This city can boast of a prestigious and antique University, a great fish activity (especially of octopus) and the magnificent Pontifical Basilica of Saint Nicholas, a church that holds wide religious significance throughout Europe and the Christian world. Ineed, it leads to a substantial pilgrimage both for Roman Catholics and Orthodox Christians from Eastern Europe.
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Because of his strategical position, this city had a lot of influences from Greece and a lasting traditional affinity with Greek culture. Historians consider Lecce as "The Florence of the South" because of a huge number of Baroque architectural monuments that we can find in this city. There are also a lot of churches but the most important is Lecce Cathedral, built in 1144, rebuilt in 1230 and totally restored in the 1659. It has also a 70-metre high bell tower.
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Facing the Ionian Sea, this city is the location of the main Italian naval base. It has also an important commercial and military port with well-developed steel and iron foundries, oil refineries, chemical works, naval shipyards, and food-processing factories. This city has a very particular geographic setting: there is a promontory which divides the sea in "Big Sea" and "Little Sea" and creates a little gulf leading to some little artificial islands.
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Located on the coast of the Adriatic Sea, this city historically played an important role in trade and exchange because of its strategic position. Nowadays the city can be considered as a major port of trading with Greece and the Middle East. Its industries include agriculture, chemical works, and the generate electricity. It is also famous because of "Castello Svevo" - built by Emperor Frederick II-and for the “Aragonese Castle”- built by King Ferdinand I of Naples in 1491.
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Andria is a landlocked city and it is a centre for agricultural activities about the production of wine, olives and almonds. Moreover the city is renowned for “Castel del Monte”, a 13th-century fortress located on a hill. Other attractions are the church of the Holy Cross from 9th century, the Cathedral and the church of St. Francis - both from 12th-century, the church of Santa Maria di Porta Santa (13th century), and the Sanctuary of Santa Maria dei Miracoli from 16th century.
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It is situated on the east coast of the Salento area and it has a strait which connects the Adriatic Sea with the Ionian one and separates Italy from Albania. The lighthouse "Faro della Palascìa" marks the most easterly point of the Italian mainland; about 50 kilometres on the south there is the promontory of Santa Maria di Leuca, the apulian southernmost point. Other landmarks are the Aragonese Castle (1485–98), the Cathedral (1088) and the catacombs of Torre Pinta.
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Alberobello (literally “beautiful tree”) is an apulian town of 10 735 inhabitants. It is an UNESCO World Heritage site since 1996, because of their typical constructions, called “trulli”: a small houses built from the local limestone, with dry-stone walls and a characteristic conical roof, that now is a characteristic feature of this territory.
Polignano a Mare
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There are evidences of this maritime small town since prehistoric times and it seems to be the site of the ancient Greek city of Neapolis of Apulia. Nowadays, it is a city based on the local economy, tourism, agricolture and fishing. The main sights are the cathedral - in which there are works of the sculptor Stefano of Putignano- and the characteristic views on white cliffs on the beaches.
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This little town is typical for local white limestone, for the jewish influences and communities, and for the presence of Romanesque art, like the Church of Ognissanti and the Cathedral, dedicated to Saint Nicholas the Pilgrim. Near the port, it is also possible to find the Gothic Palace of the Doges of Venice, that nowadays is a seminary.
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Because of the typically white-painted architecture, this city is called “White-Town”. There are a lot of established industrial area and it is renowned for the production of high quality olive oil and wine. The main attraction is the Gothic style Cathedral. During the winter, the town has a population of about 32,000, but during the summer the number can swell to 100,000 inhabitants because Ostuni attracts a lot of tourists.
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This city is particularly famous for the wheat production. Indeed, its name come from the latin language and means “pit”, that stands for the pits in which the wheat was collected. Foggia had a lot of damages during the Second World War, so its architecture considerably changed. Nowadays it is possible to see the Church of the Crosses, Dogana Palace, the Cathedral of Santa Maria de Fovea and the Arch of Frederick II.
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It is called the "City of Olives" because of several olive groves surrounding the city. During your visit, you could see a medieval burg and a modern area. The main landmarks are represented by the Castle and its walls, the Romanesque Cathedral of Saint Valentino, the Basilica and the church of San Francesco.
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This city is located in the Ofanto Valley. In past, it was an important spot for Romans and Carthaginians. Barletta is particularly famous for the Colossus of Barletta, a bronze statue about 4 metres tall, representing a Roman Emperor, and this is the biggest statue that survives from the late Roman Empire. Another important landmark is the Cathedral of Santa Maria Maggiore, from 14th century.
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This city is well known for its quality of bread called “Pane di Altamura”, which is sold in numerous other Italian cities. It is surround by ancient medieval walls, erected by Frederick II, which give to this city a very particular appearance. Dinosaur footprints, about thirty thousands years, were discovered in this old territory, like also ancient tombs with fragments of terracotta vases.
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It is situated at the confluence of the valleys of Molise and Campania in the “Tavoliere delle Puglie” and the city is surrounded by grape tree. Here, there are some manufacturers which produce the red wine “Cacc’e mmitte”, a particular excellence for this territory. The main spotlights are the medieval Castle, the Church of St. Francis, the Cathedral (built in 1300), and especially the Roman Amphitheater, with a statue of Augustus measuring 131 x 99 metres.

Reasons to visit Puglia, Italy

Apulia, Italy is probably the most famous region of the country. If you don't know where is Puglia, Italy located, it is on the east coast of the country, bordering the Ionian and Adriatic seas. The region includes 6 communes, all being touristic pears. The many ancient towns and historical places that are in Apulia will excite any traveller interested in history and archaeology. Puglia is also famous for Italian food you can try there, for the endless beaches and the olives. The mediterranean climate is perfect to spend the summers on the beach. We advise you to choose Apulia, Italy as your next holiday destination and to help you prepare, we created an entire lesson with the famous cities in Italy that are located in Puglia, Italy.

What is Puglia famous for?

Some of the best places to see in Italy are located in Puglia, Italy. Provincia Lecce is a charming place with impressive Baroque achitecture. The Roman amphitheater, many churches and the balconies will make you want to stay there forever. Puglia is also famous for Provincia Bari, the place where you can discover Italian culture while walking the narrow streets. Some of the tastiest dishes of the Italian cuisine can be tried there, for example, freshly made focaccia. Otranto is located on the coast, which makes it perfect for swimming. Don't forget to visit its Cathedral - the main touristic attraction known for its mosaic floor. Gargano is another place to see in Italy. It is located at the north of Puglia and is much greener than the rest of the region. Don't say arrivederci without visiting Foggia - a city full of historical and architectural masterpieces, such as Cattedrale di Foggia or Santuario Madre di Dio Incoronata. Salento, another place that is worth-visiting, is a famous region full of unique art and fabulous views. Want to learn more about Italy? Take a look at our lesson and explore the site for more. Hint: the Touristic spots in Italy lesson will introduce you to some other great places to see in Italy!

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