Loads of very important acronyms and abbreviations

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International System of Units


International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry

intrauterine (contraceptive) devices

spirala antykoncepcyjna, wkładka wewnątrzmaciczna, spirala domaciczna
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intrauterine device = IUD

urinary tract infections

high-density lipoprotein (the "good" cholesterol)

low-density lipoprotein (the "bad" cholesterol)

lower respiratory tract infection

often used as a synonym for pneumonia, can also be applied to other types of infection including lung abscess and acute bronchitis
infekcja dolnych dróg oddechowych
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lower respiratory tract infection

upper respiratory tract infection

illnesses caused by an acute infection which involves the upper respiratory tract including the nose, sinuses, pharynx or larynx
infekcja górnych dróg oddechowych
rozpocznij naukę
upper respiratory tract infection

c-reactive protein

an annular (ring-shaped), pentameric protein found in blood plasma, whose levels rise in response to inflammation
białko C-reaktywne
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C-reactive protein

general practitioner (family doctor)

Rocky Mountain spotted fever

myocardial infarction


shortness of breath; short of breath

Food and Drug Administration

bowel motions / bowel movements

magnetic resonance imaging

magnetic resonance
rezonans magnetyczny
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magnetic resonance imaging = MRI

National Drug Code

a unique product identifier used in the United States for drugs intended for human use
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national drug code

dispense as written

orally disintegrating tablet

polymerase chain reaction

peripheral nervous system

the part of the nervous system that consists of the nerves and ganglia outside of the brain and spinal cord
obwodowy układ nerwowy
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peripheral nervous system

in vitro fertilization

a process by which an egg is fertilised by sperm outside the body
zapłodnienie pozaustrojowe, in vitro
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in vitro fertilization = IVF

methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

a bacterium responsible for several difficult-to-treat infections in humans
gronkowiec złocisty oporny na metycylinę
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methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus = MRSA

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

body mass index

U.S. Pharmacopeia

adenosine triphosphate

ear, nose and throat (otolaryngology)

a surgical subspecialty within medicine that deals with conditions of the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) and related structures of the head and neck
otolaryngologia, otorynolaryngologia (nauka o budowie, czynnościach i chorobach uszu, nosa, gardła i krtani)
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otolaryngology = OT = otorhinolaryngology

full blood count

a blood panel requested by a doctor or other medical professional that gives information about the cells in a patient's blood
morfologia krwi
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complete blood count = full blood count = full blood exam = blood panel

monoamine oxidase inhibitor (antidepressant drug)

chemicals that inhibit the activity of the monoamine oxidase enzyme family
inhibitor monoaminooksydazy
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monoamine oxidase inhibitor = MAOI

National Formulary

within normal limits

venereal disease

an infection that is commonly spread by sex, especially vaginal intercourse, anal sex and oral sex
choroba weneryczna
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venereal disease = VD

motor neurone disease

National Health Service

a specific disease that causes the death of neurons which control voluntary muscles
stwardnienie zanikowe boczne (choroba Charcota)
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motor neurone disease = MND

otitis media

by mouth; orally (Latin)

after meals / food (Latin)

genito-urinary system

urogenital system

human papilloma virus

irritable bowel syndrome

infectious disease

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

Dangerous Drugs Act

before meals / food (Latin)

emergency contraceptive pill

diarrhoea and vomiting

dangerous drug(s)

cerebrospinal fluid

a clear, colorless body fluid found in the brain and spine
płyn mózgowo-rdzeniowy
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cerebrospinal fluid

"take" (in prescriptions); "treatment" (in case notes) (Latin)

millimols per litre

medications; medicines

blood-brain barrier

enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

(...)ness a physical property of certain bacteria (and, less commonly, protozoa), specifically their resistance to decolorization by acids during laboratory staining procedures
kwasooporny, dotyczy oporności na odbarwianie przez kwas (dotyczy bakterii)
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a metric scale and unit of measurement for temperature
skala temperatur Celsjusza
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exercise-induced bronchospasm

discontinue (a drug)

no known drug allergies

seasonal affective disorder

a mood disorder subset in which people who have normal mental health throughout most of the year exhibit depressive symptoms at the same time each year, most commonly in the winter
sezonowe zaburzenie afektywne
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seasonal affective disorder
synonyms: winter depression, winter blues, summer depression, and seasonal depression

controlled drug (= narcotic drug); curative dose; Crohn's disease

substances which are recognized as drugs, and which corresponds to international treaty commitments in the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs 1961
lek będący jednocześnie narkotykiem
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controlled drug

a dose that is sufficient to restore normal health
dawka lecznicza
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curative dose

blood-borne viruses

acetylosalicylic acid

intravenous infusion

investigational new drug

symptoms; syndrome

tricyclic antidepressant

a diagnostic physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of a urine sample (specimen)
badanie moczu
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toxic shock syndrome

alimentary system (=GIS)

herpes simplex virus

hepatitis B virus

intensive care unit (in a hospital)

a hospital unit in which is concentrated special equipment and specially trained personnel for the care of seriously ill patients requiring immediate and continuous attention
oddział intensywnej terapii
rozpocznij naukę
intensive care unit

dose; dosage

powder (pulvule)

pound (not currency!)

renal failure; respiratory failure

chronic renal insufficiency

severe acute respiratory syndrome

an infectious respiratory illness caused by a coronavirus and characterized by fever, dry cough, and breathing difficulties, often accompanied by headache and body aches
zespół ostrej ciężkiej niewydolności oddechowej
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severe acute respiratory syndrome

acute infectious disease

urea and electrolytes

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