easy to recognize because of being seen, met, heard, etc. before. There were one or two familiar faces (= people I knew). The house looked strangely familiar, though she knew she'd never been there before. The street was familiar to me.
1) the manner in which a person behaves, especially in a particular place or situation They were arrested for disorderly conduct. 2) the manner in which an organization or activity is managed or directed the conduct of the elections
1) organize and carry out: in the second trial He conducted his own defence surveys conducted among student. 2) lead or guide (someone) to or around a particular place He conducted us through his personal gallery of the Civil War. 3) direct the performance of (a piece of music or an orchestra, choir, etc.) The concert is to be conducted by Sir Simon Rattle.
1) the process by which one thing absorbs or is absorbed by another The country’s absorption into the Ottoman Empire 2) the state of being engrossed in something her absorption in the problems of the Third World
the act of increasing the area of activity, group of people, etc. that is affected by something The bank plans various extensions to its credit facilities. My home life was becoming no more than an extension of my job.
to prevent something from happening; to prevent a feeling from being expressed She managed to stifle a yawn. They hope the new rules will not stifle creativity. The government failed to stifle the unrest. 2) to feel unable to breathe, or to make somebody unable to breathe, because it is too hot and/or there is no fresh air I felt I was stifling in the airless room.
ADJECTIVE from stifle: ‘It's stifling in here—can we open a window?’ At 25, she found family life stifling.
to stop something that is flowing from spreading or increasing The cut was bandaged to stem the bleeding. They discussed ways of stemming the flow of smuggled drugs. The government had failed to stem the tide of factory closures.
not ashamed, embarrassed or affected by people's disapproval, when other people would be He was unabashed by the reaction he had caused. She watched them kissing with unabashed interest. He appeared unabashed by all the media attention.
the money that a person, a region, a country, etc. earns from work, from investing money, from business, etc people on high/low incomes a weekly disposable income (= the money that you have left to spend after tax, etc.) of £2
a rise in national income higher/middle/lower income groups
1. to pass a disease to a person, animal or plant The ward was full of children infected with TB. 2. to make someone have the same feeling or emotion as you Her optimism seemed to infect all those around her. 3. to pass harmful programs from one computer to another, or within files in the same computer A computer virus may lurk unseen in a computer's memory, calling up and infecting each of the machine's data files in turn.
(the ability to have) a clear, deep and sometimes sudden understanding of a complicated problem or situation It was an interesting book, full of fascinating insights into human relationships. Adjective from insight - insightful showing a clear understanding of a person or situation an insightful historian
something that happens which delays or prevents a process from advancing Sally had been recovering well from her operation, but yesterday she experienced/suffered a setback. There has been a slight/temporary setback in our plans.
1. to make someone worried, unhappy or angry It still upsets him when he thinks about the accident. 2. to change the usual or expected state or order of something, especially in a way which stops it from happening or working Any mechanical problems would upset our plans of driving across the desert. 3. to make someone feel slightly ill He can't eat grapes - they upset him/his stomach. 4. to push or knock something out of its usual position, usually by accident, especially causing it to fall Our
the way in which someone is treated and educated when they are young, especially by their parents, especially in relation to the effect which this has on how they behave and make moral decisions Is it right to say all the crimes he committed were simply the result of his upbringing?
1. a failure to work or be successful I had a breakdown (= my car stopped working) in the middle of the road. Both sides blamed each other for the breakdown of talks. 2. [C or U] a division of something into smaller parts We asked for a breakdown of the accident figures into day time and night time. 3. [C] a nervous breakdown